There are more than 120,000 species on The IUCN Red List, with more than 32,000 species threatened with extinction. About 96% of the world’s rhino population has been killed by humans.
Illegal wildlife trafficking is the fourth most lucrative illegal industry*, behind the trafficking of drugs, humans, and firearms. The illegal wildlife trade is driving species such as Rhino into extinction and severely impacting other vulnerable species such as the African elephant, pangolin, orangutans and tigers. Rhino horn is the most expensive commodity on the black market, ahead of cocaine, gold and platinum. The value currently is around USD 80-90,000 per kilogram and a rhino horn can weigh up to 11 kilograms.
Rhino populations around the world are in crisis due to poaching. According to the South African Department of Environmental Affairs Report 2020, there were 769 rhinos poached in 2018, and 594 rhinos poached in 2019. Although, there is a decline in poaching in South Africa, a decline is statistically insignificant in light of such large numbers of poaching deaths. Statistics today are only compiled from four African countries and one Asian country that keep records - South Africa, Kenya, Mozambique, Namibia, and India.
If poaching continues at its current rate where rhino deaths are overtaking births, rhinos could be extinct by 2025.